Dr. Oddrun Grønvik

Born in Oslo, grew up in Oslo og Bergen. B.A.Hon. Eng. Litt  and Lang. St. Hilda’s College, Oxford 1970, Cand.Philol. University of Oslo 1985. Dr.Litt. H. C. University of Zimbabwe 2006.

Worked in publishing 1970-1979, 1979-1987 consultant at the Norwegian Language Council.

Joined the editorial staff at Norsk Ordbok in 1987 as Assistant professor at the University of Oslo, Chief Editor 2006-2016 with special responsibility for lexicographical and digital development and training. Engaged as senior adviser (emeritus) at the University of Bergen in connection with reestablishing the (physical and digital) Norwegian Language Collections, and lexicography as an academic discipline, after their removal from te University of Oslo in 2016.

Academic project manager African Languages Lexical Project 1991-2006 (A NORAD funded project for developing dictionaries and language tools for the African languages of Zimbabwe).

Member of the standardisation committee of the Norwegian Language Council 2000–03 and 2007–14. Member of the Committee for Norsk Ordbok (2018 – ).

Has written widely on the Norwegia language, language development and standardisation, lexicography and digitisation of language resources, dictionaries in particular.

Other commitments: was, as a parent of a boy suffering from MPS II, head of the Norwegian association for mucopolysaccharide disorders 1990 – 2005.

Prof. Melissa Terras

Melissa Terras is the Professor of Digital Cultural Heritage at the University of Edinburgh‘s College of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences, leading digital aspects of CAHSS research as Director of the Edinburgh Centre for Data, Culture and Society, and is Director of Research in the Edinburgh Futures Institute. She previously directed UCL Centre for Digital Humanities in UCL Department of Information Studies.

Dr. James Yeku

Assistant Professor of African and African-American Studies, University of Kansas


Prof. Mirjam de Bruijn

Mirjam de Bruijn is Professor in ‘Contemporary History and Anthropology of Africa’ at Leiden University and the African studies Centre Leiden (ASCL). Her specific fields of interest are: mobility, youth, social (in)security, Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs).She is an interdisciplinary scholar with a basis in social Anthropology. She headed various research programmes on the intersection between communication technology and society (see a.o.: mobileafricarevisited.wordpress.com; www.connecting-in-times-of-duress.nl). She is head of the Africa section of the History Institute, Leiden University. In 2016 she founded the organisation Voice4thought (www.Voice4Thought.org). She is director of the project Voice4Thought Académie that is based in Mali. Mirjam teaches ‘innovative methods and methodology’ in the BA and MA programmes African Studies. Her recent publication are on ICTs and society, radicalisation, youth.

Professor Menno Van Zaneen

As a professor in Digital Humanities, Menno is particularly interested in incorporating the use of computational techniques in the field of Humanities. His PhD in the area of computer science dealt with building systems that learn (linguistic) grammars from plain sequences (sentences). These empirical grammatical inference systems result in patterns that can be used for further analysis of the data, for instance, in applied machine learning, computational linguistics, or computational musicology. During his MA (computational linguistics) and MSc (computer science) studies, Menno used techniques from the one field and applied it to situations in the other, such as proofing tools and error correction, machine translation, and multi-modal information retrieval. Such techniques can be applied to Humanities data, but for them to be fully successful, the results still need to be interpreted in the context of Humanities.


Dr Barbara Bordalejo

University of Saskatchewan, Canada

Topic: Textual Communities Lecture and demonstration

Textual Communities (TC) is the online environment of choice for scholars working with texts in many versions. It includes a full set of tools to enable scholars to perform every stage of preparation and publication of a text in multiple witnesses. It allows the following:

  1.     Gathering and online presentation of witness images (from manuscripts, printed books, etc) from multiple sources. Including: upload of single images one at a time; automated creation of a full set of transcription pages and image presentations from a single IIIF manifest, or from a zipped folder of images; referencing of other online images
  2.     Recruitment and management of a large team of project partners in multiple roles (transcribers, approvers, co-editors, collators etc)
  3.     Full online transcription page by page of witnesses, into TEI-XML encoded transcripts, including the ability to record multiple scribal/authorial changes within each page
  4.     Import of existing transcripts; creation of a dynamic page by page interface to imported transcripts
  5.     Storage of all transcripts in a live online JSON database, with instant updating of transcribed pages, and a full record of all acts of transcription and who made them
  6.     Ability to extract all transcriptions in all witnesses according to their semantic structure (ie. by poetic line, or prose paragraph, chapter, etc.)
  7.     Collate all transcripts of any part of the text using the Collation Editor (built on CollateX), with the ability to regularize and adjust what collates against what, to achieve the collation you want
  8.     Extract the apparatus for all sections collated into TEI/XML and NEXUS and other formats ready for processing by (for example) phylogenetic and other tools
  9.     Import apparatus into the VBase tool, permitting precise searches by variant distribution (e.g. all variants in witness A but not in witness B)
  10. Access to a full API permitting extraction of edition segments as required by an online publication (transcripts, images, collations and more)
  11. Integration of materials from the underlying TC database into an online edition using straightforward Javascript/HTML encoding
  12. A mature and well-tested application, in use by multiple projects (e.g. The Canterbury Tales project: 84 manuscripts and 4 incunable; 30,000 pages of transcripts and images; over 100 collaborators)

During the lecture part, I will show Textual Communities, its functions and editions produced using the system. This would be followed by a hands-on session in which participants will be able to text the system by themselves. The hands-on session will focus on the transcription and handling of the text.


  1.     A knowledge of basic TEI/XML, and of HTML is an advantage but not necessary
  2.     To test the system during the a hands-on session, participants will need to have a computer available with an interenet connection. It is possible for participants to work in small groups around a single computer.
  3. Parcipants should sign up with Textual Communities before the workshop so they can be assigned a page to work on.
  4. After signing up, send a message to barbara.bordalejo@uleth.ca with the subject “Lagos Summer School,” and you will be added to the working environment.


https://textualcommunities.org/ and https://textualcommunitiessandbox.org/



Sylvia Fernández

Postdoctoral Research in Public and Digital Humanities, Hall Center for the Humanities, University of Kansas